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Author: Subject: Duratec 2.0 on stock ECU guide

posted on 4/7/24 at 11:08 AM Reply With Quote
Duratec 2.0 on stock ECU guide

Hi guys,

My first post, so hello!

Great forum you have here. I just wanted to post this guide I accidently found on installing a 2.0 duratec from a US ford focus into a Birkin (locost alike). I know there's been a lot of people asking for this and no one delivering, so I hope it helps save some money:

(I'm not the author btw)


Cheers, Paul.

[Edited on 4/7/24 by monsterer]

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posted on 4/7/24 at 11:12 AM Reply With Quote
In case the link dies with time, I reproduced it below:

Original Author: Aaron Mihe

Duratec DBW Guide

Quite a few years ago a friend and I installed a Drive-by-Wire equipped Ford Duratec 2.0L engine into his Birkin Sports Car. At the time we documented the process and this evolved into a concise wiring guide.

Subsequently there’s been improvements in the processes and increased understanding of how the Duratec engine electronics interact with things that need to be brought up-to-date so this will become the central hub for this information.

Here’s our install getting it’s first start! As there’s no muffler, no cooling system and the engine hadn’t been run since being pulled from the donor car it wasn’t really smart to do much more than start it at that stage.

[Edited on 4/7/24 by monsterer]

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posted on 4/7/24 at 11:13 AM Reply With Quote
Part 1: About the Duratec

The Ford/Mazda Duratec family of motors offer a lot of performance potential in a small and light package. The alloy head and block contribute to a bare weight of 90kg and lightweight plastic covers and intake components ensure the weight is impressively low when fully dressed..

The ~107kW output in factory 2.0L trim can be boosted with the addition of a wide range of performance parts but most important to builders of kit cars it’s also a “clean” motor easily meeting Euro4 emissions rules in its later Drive-by-Wire configuration.

Drive-by-Wire allows for a greater freedom to mount the accelerator pedal unit as well as introducing a number of fail safes not offered by traditional cable throttles.

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posted on 4/7/24 at 11:18 AM Reply With Quote
Part 2: About the Duratec Wiring Guide

About this Guide

This guide has been developed to assist in converting the Ford/Mazda Duratec engines from standard factory configuration to other vehicles. It covers the methods and techniques used to perform a transplant keeping only as much of the donor vehicle wiring as required for successful operation of the engine. Chassis related systems such as donor vehicle lighting, ABS, Air-bags etc. are typically not required for most transplants and are not covered by this guide. The Passive Anti Theft System (PATS) is retained for simplicity and the lack of any proven low-cost techniques to bypass the system.

The guide is specifically based around the conversion of 2006-2009 Ford Focus wiring, however the majority of concepts, connectors and wire colours are the same in the Equivalent range of Mazda3 vehicles.


  • All engine operating fail-safes are the same as the OEM installation
  • Engine emissions are controlled at OEM levels
  • Integrated immobiliser meeting all national standards
  • Turn-Key OEM reliability


The author of this document and any agent providing this document provides this Document as a resource only. No warranty is offered on the accuracy or appropriateness of the information within this document to your particular circumstances.

As with any technical document many of the concepts described require an appropriate understanding and technical skill. If you do not understand the processes and information described it is recommended that you seek the services of a professional to complete the the procedures described.

Key Principles

The basic control of the vehicles electrical system is carried out by a separate chassis wiring loom. The chassis loom should the following functions;

  • Lighting (Headlights, Parkers, Indicators etc.)
  • Instrumentation

The Ford Focus/Mazda3 wiring loom is made up of a number of main segments with a number of design features that make it ideal for the conversion.

  • ECU & Engine sensor wiring are all on the same one piece wiring loom that can be removed from the Engine Bay of the donor vehicle in one piece.
  • ECU/Engine system wiring terminates via a single fuse/junction box in the engine bay of the donor vehicle.
  • Only three components in a matched set from one donor vehicle are required for trouble free operation with factory reliability and performance.
  • Engine Control Unit
  • Instrument Cluster
  • PATS Key
  • The Fuel Pump unit, Accelerator Pedal Unit and PATS Key Reader are not “coded” and can be sourced from an appropriate donor.

The addition of a basic power distribution panel with five relays and associated fuses are all that is needed for successful operation.

In this guide a relay is used in place of the donor vehicle Cooling Fan Control Unit. It is preferable to use the donor vehicle fan controller, however as this is mounted with the cooling fans at the front of the car it is likely to have suffered damage in any frontal impact. The Fan control unit would take the place of the Cooling Fan Relay in this guide.

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posted on 4/7/24 at 01:16 PM Reply With Quote
Part 3: Donor Vehicle Connector Locations

Connector Locations

Due to the modular design of the Ford Focus wiring loom there are only a small number of connectors and components critical to independent engine operation.


Located in in the main engine bay fuse box this is the link between the engine specific wiring and the power supply, fuses and relays to control engine ancillary devices.


C200 & C809

  • C200 – Located on the drivers side, below the steering column.
  • C809 – Located on the back of the instrument cluster.


C391 & C456




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posted on 4/7/24 at 01:45 PM Reply With Quote
Part 4: Connector Pinouts

Connector Pin-out Diagrams

C90 – Engine Loom to Main Junction Box

C90 pinout
C90 pinout

  1. 5-EC7D (BU/RD)
    5-EC7C (BU/RD)
    5-EC7A (BU/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – HIGH CAN-
  2. 91S-RH15 (BK/YE)
  3. Not Used
  4. 31S-BB16 (BK/RD)
    31S-BB16B (BK/RD)
    31S-BB16A (BK/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – Starter Relay Trigger Ground (PCM controls Ground for Starter Relay Coil, supplied from IGN Switch START position)
  5. 91S-RE8 (BK/YE)
    31S-FA11A (BK/YE)
  6. 91S-RH5 (BK/BU) – DURATEC 2.0 – Fuel Pump Relay Trigger (Grounds coil for fuel pump relay via inertia switch is fitted. Connects to PCM on C690 Pin 19)
    91S-RH5A (BK/BU)
    91S-RH5B (BK/BU)
    15S-PE8 (GN/RD)
  7. Not Used
  8. 15S-LG23 (GN/WH) – DURATEC 2.0L – Brake Pedal Detection (Ground for the Brake light Circuit connects to PCM via C690 Pin 39)
    15S-LG23B (GN/WH)
    15S-LG23A (GN/WH)
  9. Not Used
  10. 15-LG28 (GN/WH)
    15-LG28A (GN/WH)
  11. 50-BB12 (GY)
    50-BB14A (GY/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – Starter Solenoid Power (via Transmission Selector switch to starter motor, Controlled by Starter Relay)
  12. 15-RJ15 (GN/BU) – DURATEC 2.0L – PCM +12v via Power Hold Relay
    15-RJ15A (GN/BU)
    15-RR1 (GN/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – Ignition Coil Power (+12v via Power Hold Relay. Coils ground by PCM for ignition)
    15S-RL42 (GN/BU)
    15S-RL50 (GN/BU)
  13. 30-RE8 (RD)
    30-RE8A (RD)
    30-RE8B (RD)
    30-TA55 (RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – Transmission Control Unit +12v Battery (Connects to Transmission Control Unit via C117 & C414)
  14. 15-RN3A (GN/BU) – DURATEC 2.0L – Injector Power (via Power Hold Relay, injectors Ground controlled by PCM)
    15-RN3C (GN/BU)
    15-RN3 (GN/BU)
  15. 4-EC7D (GY/RD)
    4-EC7B (GY/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – HIGH CAN+
    4-EC7A (GY/RD)
  16. 8-EE14 (WH/BU)
  17. 31S-FA11 (BK/YE) – DURATEC 2.0L – Wide Open Throttle Relay trigger (PCM grounds coil to activate)
    91S-RE8A (BK/YE)
  18. 15S-FA6 (GN/YE) – DURATEC 2.0L – A/C Compressor Clutch via WOT Relay
    15S-FA6A (GN/YE)
  19. 8-FA88 (WH/VT) – DURATEC 2.0L – A/C Pressure Sensor Signal (From PCM to pressure sensor)
    91S-PA13 (BK/BU)
    8-FA88A (WH/VT)
    8-FA88B (WH/VT)
  20. 30-BA10 (RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – +12v Battery to Alternator
  21. 91S-RH9 (BK/BU)
    91S-RH9A (BK/BU) – DURATEC 2.0L – Power Hold Relay Trigger (Grounds coil for Power Hold Relay) Connects to PCM at C690 Pin 35.
    91S-RH9B (BK/BU)
  22. 91S-LG45 (BK/GN) – DURATEC 2.0L – Reverse Light Relay trigger (Reverse light relay coil triggered when in Reverse by Transmission Control Unit)
  23. NOT USED
  24. 15S-RD15D (GN/OG)
    15-TA55 (GN/BK) – DURATEC 2.0L – Transmission Control Unit +12v via Power Hold Relay
    15-TA18 (GN/OG) – DURATEC 2.0L – Transmission Range Sensor +12 via Power Hold Relay
  25. 15S-RD15C (GN/OG)
    91S-BB6 (BK/YE)
  26. 15S-RD15B (GN/OG)
  27. 15S-RD15A (GN/OG)
  28. 10-RJ30 (GY) – DURATEC 2.0L – Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Signal (From Accelerator pedal unit)
  29. 7-FA88 (YE/VT) – DURATEC 2.0L – A/C Pressure Sensor VCC (PCM to pressure sensor)
    7-FA88A (YE/VT)
  30. 8-PF36 (WH/GN) – DURATEC 2.0L – Auto Transmission Shift Up (Connects to Transmission Control Unit via C117 & C414)
    8-PF36A (WH/GN)
  31. NOT USED
  32. 9-FA88 (BN/WH) – DURATEC 2.0L – A/C Pressure Sensor Ground (Connects output of pressure sensor to PCM)
    9-FA88A (BN/WH)
  33. 10-PF36 (GY/OG) – DURATEC 2.0L – Auto Transmission Shift Down (Connects to Transmission Control unit via C117 & C414)
  34. 49-PA6 (BU) – DURATEC 2.0L – Radiator Fan Control trigger (PCM grounds coil of relay to trigger radiator fan)
  35. NOT USED
  36. NOT USED
  37. 15-RE17 (GN/BU)
    15-RE17A (GN/BU) – DURATEC 2.0L – PCM Power +12v IGN in RUN or START (Connects to PCM via C690 pin 46)
    15-RN2A (GN/BU)
    15-RN2B (GN/BU)
  38. NOT USED
  39. 15S-LG9 (GN/BK)
    15S-LG9A (GN/BK)
  40. 15-RJ14 (GN/YE) – DURATEC 2.0L – Rear O2 Sensor Power (+12v via Power Hold Relay)
    15-RJ25 (GN/RD) – DURATEC 2.0L – Front O2 Sensor Power (+12v via Power Hold Relay)
    15-RR4 (GN/BU)
  41. 15-RE21 (GN/OG)
    15-RE21A (GN/OG) – DURATEC 2.0L – PCM Power (+12v via Power Hold Relay)
    15-RE21B (GN/OG)

C200 – On-Board-Diagnostic Port

C200 pinout
C200 pinout

  3. 4-EC10B (GY) – HIGH CAN-
  4. 31-RA1 (BK) – Ground
  5. 91-RA1 (BK/OG) – Ground
  6. 4-EC7L (GY/RD) – HIGH CAN+
  10. NOT USED
  11. 5-EC10B (BU) – MID CAN-
  12. NOT USED
  13. NOT USED
  14. 5-EC7L (BU/RD) – MID CAN+
  15. NOT USED
  16. 29-RA1 (OG) – +12v Battery

C391 – PATS Key/Transponder Reader

C391 pinout
C391 pinout

  1. 15-GL37 (GN/BK) – +12v START / RUN from IGN Switch
  2. 91-GL1 (BK/YE) – Ground
  3. 10-GL37 (GY/OG) – Sensor (Connects to Instrument Cluster via C809 Pin 5)
  4. 8-GL37 (WH/GN) – Sensor (Connects to Instrument Cluster via C809 Pin 3)

C456 – Ignition Key Switch

C456 pinout
C456 pinout

  1. 15-DA1 (GN/YE) – +12v START/RUN (Distribution)
  2. 30S-LE29 (RD/GN) – +12v Battery
  3. 31S-TA32 (BK/WH) – Ground Key Inhibit (Connects to C809 Pin25)
  4. 30-BB9 (RD) – +12v Battery (20A Fused Supply)
  5. Not Used
  6. 75-DA1 (YE) – +12 Accessory (Distribution)
  7. 50-BB16 (GY/BK) – +12v START Only (Connects to Starter Relay)

C648 – Accelerator Pedal Unit

C648 pinout
C648 pinout

  1. 7-RJ30 (YE) – +5v Constant Voltage (Connects to C809 Pin31)
  2. 8-RJ30 (WH) – Accelerator Pedal Position Validation Sensor+ (Connects to C809 Pin14)
  3. 9-RJ30 (BN) – Accelerator Pedal Position Validation Sensor- (Connects to C809 Pin 13)
  4. 91-RJ30 (BK/YE) – Ground
  5. 10-RJ30 (GY) – Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor (Connects to ECU Directly via C90 Pin 28)
  6. 15-RJ30 (GN/YE) – +12v START/RUN (Connects to IGN Switch via C456 Pin 1)

    C732 – Fuel Pump Connector

    C732 pinout
    C732 pinout

    1. 15S-RG2 (GN/OG) – +12v START/RUN via Fuel Pump Relay (10A Fused)
    2. 8-GA7 (WH/RD) – Fuel Level Sensor+(Connects to C809 Pin 8)
    3. Not Used
    4. 9-GA7 (BN/RD) – Fuel Level Sensor Ground (Connects to C809 Pin 9)
    5. 31-RG2 (BK) – Ground
    6. Not Used

    C809 – Instrument Cluster

    C809 pinout
    C809 pinout

    1. 15S-LD13 (GN/OG)
    2. 91S-GE56A (BK/YE)
    3. 8-GL37 (WH/GN) – PATS Key Reader (Connects to C391 Pin 4)
    4. 15-GG14 (GN/RD) – +12v START/RUN Cluster Power (Connects to C456 Pin 1)
    5. 10-GL37 (GY/OG) – PATS Key Reader (Connects to C391 Pin 3)
    6. 91-GG14 (BK/OG) – Ground
    7. 9-GA7 (BN/RD) – Fuel Level Sensor Ground (Connects to C732 Pin 4)
    8. 8-GA7 (WH/RD) – Fuel Level Sensor+ (Connects to C732 Pin 2)
    9. 29S-GG14 (OG) – +12v Constant Power
    10. 91S-BB6 (BK/YE) – Ground
    11. Not Used
    12. Not Used
    13. 9-RJ30 (BN) – Accelerator Pedal Position Validation Sensor- (Connects to C648 Pin 3)
    14. 8-RJ30 (WH) – Accelerator Pedal Position Validation Sensor+ (Connects to C648 Pin 2)
    15. 75-GG14 (YE/BU) – +12v Accessory Power (Connects to C456 Pin 6)
    16. 15S-LD7 (GN/BU)
    17. 5-EC7H (BU/RD) – MID CAN+
    18. 4-EC7H (GY/RD) – HIGH CAN+
    19. Not Used
    20. Not Used
    21. Not Used
    22. 5-EC10 (BU) – MID CAN-
    23. 4-EC10 (GY) – HIGH CAN-
    24. Not Used
    25. 31S-TA32 (BK/WH) – Ground
    26. Not Used
    27. 91S-GG6 (BK/RD) –
    28. Not Used
    29. 91S-PG6 (BK/YE) – Ground
    30. 91S-GE56 (BK/YE) – Ground
    31. 7-RJ30 (YE) – +5v Supply Constant (Connects to C648 Pin 1)
    32. 29-GG14 (OG) – +12v Battery Supply (Connects to C456 Pin 4)

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posted on 4/7/24 at 01:47 PM Reply With Quote
Part 5: Wiring Block Diagram

Basic Circuits

Block Diagram

Wiring block diagram
Wiring block diagram

The Block Diagram shows the basic connection paths used for successful operation. The arrows indicate the primary direction of the control or communication. It is important to consider the Engine & ECU Wiring harness complete with all associated sensors as a complete single unit. While some parts of the Engine & ECU Wiring Harness may need to be adapted to suit your vehicle configuration the overall harness should not be varied greatly. For details of individual sensor wiring refer to the electronic version of the Ford Focus Wiring Diagrams.

The OEM Engine Control Unit is designed to be located within the engine bay and only needs to be mounted with the connectors protected from direct water ingress.

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posted on 4/7/24 at 01:50 PM Reply With Quote
Part 6: Circuit Schematic

Wiring diagram
Wiring diagram

This diagram represents the basic schematic and several other iterations were generated to take into account variations and modifications to suit other builds.

The end

That's it. Hope this helps somebody. I wonder whether the euro focus is similar....

[Edited on 4/7/24 by monsterer]

[Edited on 4/7/24 by monsterer]

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posted on 4/7/24 at 03:46 PM Reply With Quote
Wow what a first 23 4 5 and so on post
Welcome to the forum and I am sure the info will help some one on here


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