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Author: Subject: Sylva Riot - will this drive system work?
dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 12:35 PM Reply With Quote
Sylva Riot - will this drive system work?

Hi,

my Riot + busa engine was for sale on here and ebay but no interest. However, the process of listing it etc. has got me re-invigorated in the project.

I'm seeking others opinions on the proposed drive set up as I'm not entirely sure that it won't introduce lots of vibration.
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As you can see from the pictures, the engine will be mounted longitudinally and feeds a Freelander diff and they are to be coupled by a rubber donut which would serve a couple of purposes:

1) cush drive
2) account for minor miss-alignment

The picture shows an aluminum coupling which I've machined to the same size (28mm) across the faces and has lips machined into each end which accurately spigot it into the diff flange and the drive flange. The engine drive flange is one of those provided for such purposes although they more typically have the rubber coupling followed by a UJ then the prop to the rear. I also had the drive flange for the diff made to suit this application too.

The ally part has through holes which obviously currently go one-to-one with the diff flange but of course they would be staggered when the donut is used and thus some way needs to be found to ensure the diff is mounted precisely in axial & parallel alignment and stays there despite body flex and engine movement etc.

The diff (with internals removed) is hanging off the gearbox output shaft in the picture and the cumulative effect of the machining tolerance of the ally part, face of the diff coupling and the gearbox output flange result in a cyclic movement of about 1mm at the rear end of the diff which is obviously far less at the coupling point.

The current idea for alignment is to make an alignment gauge based upon the current situation with the ally part fitted. This would precisely mount to the engine and touch the diff at various points then when the engine and diff are mounted properly, the gauge would be used to set them into position. The chassis would have diagonal braces to restrict flexing.

My question is what amount of miss-alignment will result in vibration.

Any comments welcome.

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gremlin1234

posted on 7/2/21 at 12:44 PM Reply With Quote
how would you fit a reverse gear?
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theconrodkid

posted on 7/2/21 at 12:50 PM Reply With Quote
looks like it should be ok apart from the long drive shaft should have a pillow bearing of some sort to stop whip and as gremlin says, what about reverse, maybe a sprocket on the diff nose ?





who cares who wins
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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 02:07 PM Reply With Quote
haven't considered reverse could prob live without it.

why would long drive shaft be likely to whip?

I've seen some long shafts on production cars which have a damper in the middle - presumably to address whip?

what about vibration if the diff and engine move slightly in use - how much can i get away with ?

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CosKev3

posted on 7/2/21 at 02:16 PM Reply With Quote
If it's not going for IVA reverse is no problem,but needs reverse to pass IVA if you want it road legal
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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 02:41 PM Reply With Quote
its already on the road so reverse is not essential.

what about torque reaction from the diff, will that have a tendency to try and separate the cases?

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gremlin1234

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:18 PM Reply With Quote
quote:
Originally posted by dexion7
its already on the road so reverse is not essential.

ok that makes it easer

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rdodger

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:22 PM Reply With Quote
Would it be possible, a benefit to mount the engine and diff in some sort of subframe so they stay aligned and in effect become one assembly?
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theconrodkid

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:22 PM Reply With Quote
a drive shaft as long as that will whip, the damper is the cheap way out, the pillow block is the proper way to stop it





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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:37 PM Reply With Quote
the cradle is the best way to do it but there's nowhere on the exhaust side of the engine for the cradle to pick up on.

what would be your suggestion for the pillow block? do you mean a short shaft straight into pillow block then another short one from the pillow block with 2 cv's ?

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rdodger

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:43 PM Reply With Quote
I guess the answer would be an intermediate shaft like this.

https://www.ebay.co.uk/i/124433410488?chn=ps&norover=1&mkevt=1&mkrid=710-134428-41853-0&mkcid=2&itemid=124433410488&targetid=1 140298853173&device=c&mktype=pla&googleloc=9046499&poi=&campaignid=12128843668&mkgroupid=116055365479&rlsatarget=pla-11402 98853173&abcId=9300483&merchantid=101458262&gclid=Cj0KCQiAvP6ABhCjARIsAH37rbRclwx2ot9h7SdyA2_MFyRxhAci6I0sgfd457aQLEPWuvZpVprF4gkaAvXWEALw _wcB

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motorcycle_mayhem

posted on 7/2/21 at 03:45 PM Reply With Quote
Unsure that the driveshaft length is an issue, it looks comparable with other rear engine set-ups, albeit as transverse arrangements.
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Look at some hillclimb cars, again, the differential is offset considerably. I guess the weight thing (or lack of) helps a tad, along with a tubular arrangement (aka Fiesta XR2) for the long one, if you're really worried.
Lack of reverse isn't an issue, except your competitors in any road-going speed class or RGB circuit race will be keen to bring the lack of reverse to the scrutineer's attention.... yep, been there.

I wouldn't use the differential set-up you've got there. Look at the early Spire race cars, same thing, and a source for suitable couplings if you insist on that route. I'd either move the engine forward, OK, so the Riot has a narrow passenger space (and driver for that matter) to encroach upon that passenger space, with a longer propshaft. Look at the Mev thing, can't remember the name, but a SWB device that had the engine where the passenger should be (but never is). I'd really want to sell the Freeloader differential to someone building a more mundane device with everything in the usual position, and revert to a chain drive and transverse set-up. If money is no object, look at the Radical/RPE/Powertec/Quaife gear unit, it's compact, well built and adaptable (gearing can be adjusted).

To do that (i.e revert to transverse) the Riot will probably need a bit of dog-legging at the back chassis to extend it a tad, unless you've got the longer chassis version. Original space occupied by the R1, originally, wasn't quite enough for anything without a stacked gearbox.

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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 04:14 PM Reply With Quote
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the original plan was to chain drive it but i figured (maybe incorrectly) that the chain length would be too short.

Jeremy Philips recommended lengthening the chassis but it wasn't clear to me how to do this properly so abandoned that idea . Ironically, there was a longer chassis for sale on here a few months ago.

any further comments about potential vibration in the rubber coupling due to minor miss alignment?

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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 04:15 PM Reply With Quote
where can I find pictures of the early Spire car couplings?
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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 04:24 PM Reply With Quote
also, if the coupling is longer than the current 28mm that moves the diff backwards and half shafts get closer to the diagonal chassis members.

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at the moment there is about 60mm vertical clearance which i assume to be enough?

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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 04:51 PM Reply With Quote
would a chain coupling be suitable although no cush effect it would presumably ensure alignment once set up ?
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cosmicicecreamman

posted on 7/2/21 at 05:17 PM Reply With Quote
Glad to see you're keeping your Riot, would love to see more of these on here / road / track. I'm a fellow Riot owner, although I have a Duratec in mine.

To answer your question about vibration / alignment - without the shafts properly aligned you would get either vibration or excessive wear. The vibration, depending on the frequencies at various speeds, could resonate at the natural frequency of the chassis and shake the car to bits. If you stay the Freelander diff route I would say it would be worth contacting an alignment company (i used to do this many years ago) and they can laser align.

If you decide to go down the chain drive route, Riot cars now sell a wider wishbone that allows you to use the standard driveshafts. As another note my brother has a few RS Turbo S1 and S2 LSD's if you were looking to purchase.

Hope you get the solution that works, I think in this case it should be do it once and do it right from the start. If there's anything I can help with / show you how I've got solutions please let me know.

Thanks

Stephen

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Shandylegs

posted on 7/2/21 at 06:45 PM Reply With Quote
quote:
Originally posted by dexion7
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the original plan was to chain drive it but i figured (maybe incorrectly) that the chain length would be too short.

Jeremy Philips recommended lengthening the chassis but it wasn't clear to me how to do this properly so abandoned that idea . Ironically, there was a longer chassis for sale on here a few months ago.

any further comments about potential vibration in the rubber coupling due to minor miss alignment?



I bought the chassis you are talking about. It’s currently in storage while I sort out a couple of other projects. Happy to take photos if it would help.

Thanks.....

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dexion7

posted on 7/2/21 at 07:59 PM Reply With Quote
"I bought the chassis you are talking about. It’s currently in storage while I sort out a couple of other projects. Happy to take photos if it would help.
Thanks....."

yes some picture and of your car's rear would be very much appreciated.

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I can’t get my head around how the chassis can be elongated.

For example: in the picture above, the width of the top horizontal chassis rail is shown. Does that dimension become less if the chassis was lengthened because the upper longitudinal chassis rails tend to the centre of the car. So do the lower longitudinal members. It would seem that lengthening the chassis would mean that both upper and lower rear cross chassis member would be shorter?

Also, at the point that the upper longitudinal member meets the upper horizontal member, the pin goes through the front and rear upper wishbone. What happens then?.

Same with the lower wishbone mounts – do Riot cars provide a solution for upper and lower wishbones?

What happens to the coil over top mount – does that need moving?

Do Riot cars offer longer boot lid and rear wings?

So many questions…..

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padrc66

posted on 8/2/21 at 11:36 AM Reply With Quote
i've got a long chassis (but standard wheelbase) J15 which is very similar to the R1OT at the back end with a hayabusa engine and chain drive. the wishbones are in the same place but the rear of the chassis is behind the rear wishbone bushes, not in front, giving more space to move the diff back and make the chain a reasonable length. the top wishbone bushes have separate mounts so the long bolt and the diagonal tube aren't needed any more giving more driveshaft space. hopefully the images makes it clearer. let me know what info you need and i'll try to get it




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dexion7

posted on 8/2/21 at 12:46 PM Reply With Quote
Hi,

many thanks for your reply that's really helpful.

its looks like you have about 3 inches additional chassis length but since the wheelbase remains the same does that mean that the half shafts run at quite a strange angle particularly the left side which is the shorter one? presumably there is trade off between having a long chain length and the ever increasing angle that the shafts would run at as a result of moving the sprocket rearwards?


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the Freelander diff dimension top to bottom is 5mm less than the vertical inside dimension of the rear upper and lower horizontal cross chassis members (maybe not in you car since that dimension presumably drops due to the upper longitudinal members dropping rapidly towards the rear?) so presumably if I'm right (and happy!) about the half shaft angles you are proposing to run, I could fit the diff between those members and thus gain a significant increase in the current 28mm! propshaft space?

the above would obviously entail using vertical chassis legs to support the upper forwardmost wishbone mounts and dispensing with that diagonal and long bolt.

do you have a plan view picture of the engine in the car with the shafts fitted - mainly the left side so I can see what the angle looks like?

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padrc66

posted on 8/2/21 at 01:07 PM Reply With Quote
yes you're right, the driveshafts are angled forwards which is a bit weird but still well within acceptable angles and i figured it was no worse than most SUVs which have the shafts angled down due to the ride height.

i'm using a standard LH shaft from a focus 1.8 petrol (eBay cheapie, £38 for the whole driveshaft with CV joints!) and a custom made RH shaft with focus CVs and i've done nearly 3000 miles now with no problems so i'm happy!

i haven't got a picture from above but i'll take one later, here's one that gives you some idea of the angle for now:


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dexion7

posted on 8/2/21 at 02:12 PM Reply With Quote
I have another Riot question which is a general question for any Riot owners and specifically about the lower rear wishbone: (see padr66 previous picture)

on the rearward part of the wishbone, there is a link with a rose joint and the other end is bolted solid to a plate which forms part of the wishbone and which will move in unison with the entire wishbone - except the rear link?

in a car with a 'normal' wishbone and without the toe adjustment link that the Riot has, when the rear wheel is forced up e.g. as the car goes over a sleeping policeman, the upwards load is taken firstly by the upright, then the lower horizontal pin, then approx. 50% of the pins load is transferred on each end into the wishbone (which shouldn't flex) and finally into the damper / coil assembly.

However, in the Riot, the rearmost 50% of the upward load tends to force the pin to an inclined angle (with the rear end of the pin higher) which would have a tendency to induce a flex into the inner joint of the link which is solid and will eventually, erm, break off!

i could understand how this setup would work on an unloaded wishbone such the top one but struggling to see how it works on the lower.

maybe I'm just not understanding this properly so if someone could enlighten me i would appreciate it.

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padrc66

posted on 9/2/21 at 09:17 AM Reply With Quote
here's some more pictures from above which hopefully give you an idea of the driveshaft angles, unfortunately the exhaust is a bit in the way at the moment!






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padrc66

posted on 9/2/21 at 09:30 AM Reply With Quote
in terms of the toe adjust link, i think the way to think of it is that, without the link, it would be just like a front suspension where the upright had a joint top and bottom - it's still controlled because the top wishbone is what stops the upright tilting up at the rear and forward at the top. the toe link at the rear is just stopping the upright steering.

i agree that it's not perfect because the vertical force at the hub is not centred on the spring but that's always a compromise because of the driveshaft and that will cause a bending on the bolted joint at the inboard end of the toe control link - but it will be relatively small because most of the force is being controlled by the top wishbone resisting fore-aft movement of the top of the upright.

there is a better solution, you can replace the inboard end of the toe control links with rod ends with LH threads which then allows you to adjust the toe without unbolting the links by just loosening the locknuts and rotating the link like a turnbuckle - i've got a pair but forgot to fit them when i built the car and then sold my welder!

the other benefit of this layout (jeremy philips thought about this stuff more than most kit designers) is that the upright has a rubber bush at the front and rod ends at the rear and top so any side load generated during cornering generates a small amount of toe in on the outer wheel and toe out on the inner wheel, ie same way steering as the front, which adds stability and is commonly done on production car rear suspensions - all the way back to the VW twist beams in the 70s which had voided bushes to give this same characteristic

bit waffly, hope that makes sense!

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